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2 edition of Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska found in the catalog.

Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska

Rodney A Norum

Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska

standard methods and procedures

by Rodney A Norum

  • 358 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station in Portland, Or .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Forest fire forecasting -- Alaska,
  • Forest fires -- Research -- Alaska

  • Edition Notes

    StatementRodney A. Norum and Melanie Miller
    SeriesGeneral technical report PNW -- 171
    ContributionsMiller, Melanie, 1948-, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (Portland, Or.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination34 p. :
    Number of Pages34
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13610750M

    Dead Fuel Moisture. This is the moisture content of dead organic fuels, expressed as a percentage of the oven dry weight of the sample, that is controlled entirely by exposure to environmental conditions. Thousand Hour Dead Fuel Moisture (hr) Hour dead fuel moisture levels are computed from a 7-day average boundary condition composed. The moisture content of biomass materials is typically determined with a conventional oven and ash content with a furnace. Although these traditional techniques are reliable, they often take a long time, which make manufacturers incapable of addressing problems arising during : AMETEK Brookfield Arizona. Biogas is the mixture of gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen (anaerobically), primarily consisting of methane and carbon dioxide. Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food is a renewable energy source. In India, it is also known as "Gobar Gas". Relative humidity (along with temperature) controls fuel moisture content up to about 32 percent. Liquid moisture such as rain or dew must contact a fuel for moisture content to rise above 32 percent, and the increase depends upon duration as well as the amount of precipitation.

    OWH). Energy in fuel is dependent on the moisture content. • Appliance operation and performance are affected by moisture content. • The new NSPS method for solid-fuel appliance certification may report particulate emissions on a mass particles per mass dry fuel or per unit of energy basis. Further.


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Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska by Rodney A Norum Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska: standard methods and procedures. [Rodney A Norum; Melanie Miller; Pacific Northwest Forest and. Measuring Fuel Moisture Content in Alaska: Standard Methods and PN W Procedures Rodney A.

Norum and Melanie Miller United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Forest andRange Experiment Station General Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book Report PNW- This file was created by scanning the printed publication.

Text errors identified. moisture content. Direct sampling of fuels is the best alternative. Regardless of the purpose of fuel moisture sampling, a standard procedure for collecting, processing, calculating and reporting the moisture content is necessary. Errors in estimating representative fuel moisture content on a site can potentially be introduced during.

Description. The methods below are generally based on R.A. Norum and M. Miller, Measuring Fuel Moisture Content in Alaska: Standard Methods and Procedures. LIVE FUEL MOISTURE SAMPLING PROCEDURES 1. in moisture content, both may need to be collected if well represented on site.

The site should be located near Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book RAWS station or in an area with weather well fuel moisture content for your species of interest on the entire Size: KB.

Describes the evaluation of seven scales and meters used to determine the moisture content in hour fuel moisture sticks, (four connnected ponderosa pine dowels) that are used to estimate the moisture in hour dead fuels. For optimal prescribed burning conditions, the moisture content of the hour fuel sticks should be from 8 to 17 percent.

Methods and procedures are given for collecting and processing living and dead plant materials for the purpose of determining their water content. Wildland fuels in Alaska are emphasized, but the methodology is applicable elsewhere.

Guides are given for determining the number of samples needed to attain a chosen precision. Detailed procedures are presented for collecting fuel. Dead fuel moisture responds solely to ambient environmental conditions and is critical in determining fire potential. Dead fuel moistures are classed by timelag.

A fuel's timelag is proportional to its diameter and is loosely defined as the time it takes a fuel particle to reach 2/3's Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book its way to. Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska: standard methods and Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book / (Portland, Or.: U.S.

Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, []), by Rodney A. Norum, Melanie Miller, and Or.) Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book (page images at HathiTrust). Buy wood from a seller who tells you the moisture content of the wood you buy; Measure the wood yourself with a meter Wood Moisture Temperature Corrections Measuring fuel moisture content in Alaska book If you buy wet wood, wait for it to dry before burning; If you must burn wet wood, mix it with compressed wood logs; Seasoning Firewood: Curing Firewood in Interior Alaska (CCHRC) (PDF.

A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR THE DETERMINATION OF MOISTURE CONTENT OF WOODY BIOMASS Overview Use of woody biomass such as mill residues and forest residues is not a new practice by any stretch of the imagination. There is a long and widespread tradition of the use of woody biomass in energy appli-cations such as a boiler fuel, and it represents a very.

WEATHER AND FUEL MOISTURE The moisture content of live and dead vegetation is not in itself a weather element. It is a product, however, of the cumulative effects of past and present weather events and must be considered in evaluating the effects of current or future weather on fire potential.

Fuel moisture content limits fire propagation. A simple method for assessing fuel moisture content and fire danger rating Sharples, J.J. 1, 41, R.H.D.

McRae 2, 4, R.O. Weber and A.M. Gill 3, 4 1 School of Physical Environmental and Mathematical Sciences University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Australian Capital Territory 2 ACT Emergency Services AgencyCited by: 2.

The DYK is a suite of notes that attempt to explain or clarify complex climate phenomena, Climate Monitoring products and methodologies, and climate system insights.

heterogeneous, having a moisture content varying from 15% up to 65%. The moisture content affects the combustion of the fuel and therefore its commercial value.

The industry is now interested in obtaining a method for measuring the moisture content of biofuel, quickly. Percent Moisture Content = Weight of Water / Oven-dry Weight of Fuel x Moisture content can be greater than percent because the water in a fuel particle may weigh considerably more than the dry fuel itself.

For example, a green leaf may contain three times as much water as there is dry material, leading to a moisture content of percent.

The CS is a fuel moisture sensor that measures the moisture content of the hour fuel moisture stick. The emulates the moisture content of similarly sized twigs on the forest floor.

The CS/ combination is used to assess forest fire fuel and is often incorporated in our prewired or custom fire-weather t Consumption: 65 mA (active), 45 μA (quiescent). Fuel model guide to Alaska vegetation April Page 5 Alaska fuel model guidebook This section of the document is the guidebook to Alaska fuel models.

It contains fuel and fire behavior information gleaned from workshop participants, and vegetation characteristics taken from Viereck and others (). The moisture content is automatically calculated from the difference in weight.

Measuring principle The halogen moisture analyzer works along the lines of the thermogravimetric principle, i.e. the sample's start weight is recorded, then a halogen radiator dries it while an. Estimation of Fuel Moisture Content Using Neural Networks Conference Paper (PDF Available) in Lecture Notes in Computer Science June with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The proper guidelines for measuring moisture content in biofuel materials are addressed in ISO – Solid biofuels – Determination of moisture content – Oven dry method. Biofuels are the energy sources made from living things or the waste that living things produce.

These Oil Moisture Meter instruments are extensively used for measuring moisture content in Mineral Transformer Oil, Hydraulic Oil, Furnace Oil and Other Lubricating Oils. These meters confirm to global standards in their performance and are extremely convenient to use.

These meters are lightweight and have durable exterior for increased longevity. REASONS FOR MEASURING THE MOISTURE CONTENT IN NATURAL GAS. Natural Gas must often be dried before it can be distributed to its end users.

The drying is necessary to prevent hydrate formation and liquid water deposition in the pipelines and/or condensation in the compressors; all of which would either cause damage or poor performance of the equipment.

Predicting moisture content of fuel-moisture-indicator sticks in the Pacific northwest (Research paper) [Owen P Cramer] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Owen P Cramer.

They are usually the highest in moisture content in the spring and are the lowest in the winter when in the cured stage. FUEL MOISTURE CONTENT - The amount of moisture in fuel expressed as a percent of the oven dried weight. It is necessary to weigh a sample of fuel then dry it in an oven to determine the moisture content.

Measuring duff moisture content in the field using a portable meter sensitive to dielectric permittivity Article (PDF Available) in International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(3) January Fuel moisture strongly influences fire ignition potential and flammability.

Beginning infire ecologists from the National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management Alaska Fire Service and US Fish & Wildlife Service coordinated a large effort to monitor fuel moisture trends throughout AK.

moisture (about an ratio for nitrogen or standard air) each pore acts as a micro-capacitor. As the micro capacitors are in a parallel arrangement the total capacitance is additive. Fuel that is separated is less likely to carry fire than fuel that is continuous.

In addition, more fuel means larger flames and greater fire intensity. Fire behaviour is affected by the moisture content of fuels, which in turn depends on a number of factors such as weather conditions, vegetation types and whether the fuel is dead or living.

Fuel moisture and fuel temperature sensors emulate and measure the moisture content and temperature of similarly sized twigs on the forest floor. The sensors are typically used as part of larger systems, such as fire weather stations with data loggers and telemetry capability, to remotely assess changing fuel conditions and potential fire hazards.

The spread of wildfires varies based on the flammable material present, its vertical arrangement and moisture content, and weather conditions.

Fuel arrangement and density is governed in part by topography, as land shape determines factors such as available sunlight and water for plant l, fire types can be generally characterized by their fuels as follows.

Figure 1. An operational system to compute fire potential maps from NOAA-AVHRR NDVI images (adapted from Burgan et al., ) These studies listed several problems related to the use of NDVI images in fuel moisture mapping, namely the saturation of relationships (Paltridge and Barber, ), the influence of site wetness on relationships (Deblonde and Cihlar, ) and the difficulty of using Cited by: Fuel, (blank), is the amount of water in a fuel, expressed as a percentage of the total oven-dry weight of that fuel.

Fuel moisture With all other factors affecting fire behavior being equal, areas of, (blank), fuel loading will generate more heat than those with, (blank), fuel loads.

irpg, nwcg, incident response pocket guide, incident, response, pocket guide, firefighting, fire, pmsnfestable c, dead fuel moisture content corrections Created Date 1/8/ AM. Classify is an OCLC Research prototype that helps you classify books, magazines, movies, and music using the Dewey Decimal Classification system or the Library of Congress Classification books, DVDs, CDs, and other types of library materials.

The objective of this paper is to examine the sensitivity of fuel moisture to changes in temperature and precipitation and explore the implications under a future climate.

We use the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System components to represent the moisture content of fine surface fuels (Fine Fuel Moisture Code, FFMC), upper forest floor (duff) layers (Duff Moisture Code, DMC) and Cited by: The moisture content is a key parameter for natural gas quality.

There are many technologies on the market, and a lot of conflicting information about which is best for the job.

Here we take an unbiased look at the pros and cons of two of the main contenders: Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (TDLAS) and aluminium oxide, also known as metal. Firewood is dry when its moisture content is lower than 18 %. The moisture content in firewood indicates the amount of water in the firewood expressed as a percentage of the firewood’s weight.

A piece of firewood weighing 1 kilogram with a moisture content of 20 % contains grams of water. (Source: Lars Mytting’s book Norwegian Wood). moisture content required for the feed gas entering the cryogenic liquefaction process. The dehydration process most often comprises 3 or 4 columns that operate in sequence whereby a single column is being regenerated whilst others remain in operation.

Effective monitoring of each dehydration column is. Fire Behavior Field Reference Guide J This document has been transcribed from a scan of the February Fire Behavior Field Reference Guide.

The scan was converted to editable text using OCR; the text was then edited and formatted. Outdated content referring to BEHAVE was not Size: 2MB. Pdf of fuel load and moisture content on fire behaviour and heating in masticated litter-dominated fuels.

International Journal of Wildland Fire 22(4) – 6 p. DOI/WF; Keywords: fire hazard reduction, flammability, mechanical fuel treatment, pine flatwoods, saw palmetto; Posted Date: Septem Cited by:   In touch with the land. This place suits me better than city life. I’m more in touch with the land here, and the seasons.

I’ve gone camping with friends and mushing with a friend’s dog team.Remote Sensing of fuel moisture content from the ratios of canopy ebook indices ebook a foliar dry matter index - (Proceedings) Hunt Jr, E.R., Wang, L., Qu, J., Hao, X.

Remote Sensing of fuel moisture content from the ratios of canopy water indices with a foliar dry matter index. Proceedings of SPIE.